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María Luisa Pacheco
Bolivian 20th century
(La Paz, Bolivia, 1919 – 1982, New York City)
Born 1919, La Paz, Bolivia; active 1951–52, Madrid, Spain; 1952–56, La Paz, Bolivia;
1956–82, New York
María Luisa Pacheco was born in La Paz, Bolivia and studied first at the National Academy of Fine Arts and then in Madrid, Spain, where she was influenced by the cubist-inspired work of her teacher Daniel Vásquez Días. During the 1950s, Pacheco was part of a new generation of Bolivian artists who sought to move beyond overtly indigenous imagery in their art to create work that embodied a more abstract representation of "national spirit." While living in La Paz, she belonged to Ocho contemporáneos [Eight Contemporaries], a group of artists interested in artistic change and renewal. From the early 1960s onward, Pacheco devoted herself to the surface effects produced by texture and color, utilizing different kinds of materials other than pigment, such as sand and wood. During this period she also worked as a textile designer in New York, where she spent the remainder of her life.