The Apotheosis of Hoche
50.5 cm x 38.6 cm (19 7/8 in. x 15 3/16 in.)
(London, 1757 - 1815, London)
Medium and Support:
Etching with hand-coloring
Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Purchase, 2003
This elaborate print depicts Louis Lazare Hoche, French general of the Revolutionary Army, ascending into a Jacobin heaven while plucking his guillotine-lyre. Jacobin is a general term used to address those who publically declare revolutionary opinions. Below lies France, blood-soaked and scorched, a result of campaigns headed by Hoche during the French Revolution. Hoche is greeted by droves of headless figures, monsters, and grotesque cherubs, all wearing Phrygian caps, a motif associated with the Revolution; to the left are martyrs of the revolution paying their respects. Suspended in the heavens is the Jacobin Decalogue, the antithesis of the Ten Commandments.