{ "objects" : [ { "embark_ID" : 5884, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5884", "Disp_Access_No" : "1978.7", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1950", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1950", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1950", "Disp_Title" : "Harvesters", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Harvesters", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "John T. Biggers", "Sort_Artist" : "Biggers, John T.", "Disp_Dimen" : "61 cm x 77.5 cm (24 in. x 30 1/2 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "61 cm", "Disp_Width" : "77.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "Sight", "Medium" : "Lithographic crayon on matboard", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Lithographic crayon on matboard", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Robert and Carol Straus, 1978", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/1978.7.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/1978.7.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/1978.7.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/1978.7.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13519", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 14487, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/14487", "Disp_Access_No" : "1991.264", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1936-1937", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1936", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1937", "Disp_Title" : "Down for the Count", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Down for the Count", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Fletcher Martin", "Sort_Artist" : "Martin, Fletcher", "Disp_Dimen" : "75.6 cm x 120.7 cm (29 3/4 in. x 47 1/2 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "75.6 cm", "Disp_Width" : "120.7 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "Sight", "Medium" : "Oil", "Support" : "canvas", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil on canvas", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Fletcher Martin painted this smoky social realist boxing scene to symbolize the condition in which African Americans lived during the Depression. Martin spent his early career in California with Mexican muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros, whose influence is traceable here both in palette and in the artist’s empathy for oppressed African Americans. Martin produced "Down for the Count" after participating in the American Artists’ Congress in February 1936, during which many artists drew parallels between European fascism and racism in America. Martin’s works often feature men in conflict or experiencing trauma, even those that date to before his time as an artist-correspondent for LIFE magazine during World War II. Here Martin used linear perspective not only to create dramatic depth, but also to clearly demonstrate that these men are not on a level playing field.", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Mari and James A. Michener, 1991", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/1991.264.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/1991.264.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/1991.264.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/1991.264.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "14272", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 14564, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/14564", "Disp_Access_No" : "1991.187", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1931-1932", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1931", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1932", "Disp_Title" : "Romance", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Romance", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Thomas Hart Benton", "Sort_Artist" : "Benton, Thomas Hart", "Disp_Dimen" : "115 cm x 84.5 cm (45 1/4 in. x 33 1/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "115 cm", "Disp_Width" : "84.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "Sight", "Medium" : "Egg tempera, gesso, and oil varnish glazes", "Support" : "board", "Disp_Medium" : "Egg tempera, gesso, and oil varnish glazes on board", "Info_Page_Comm" : "A painter and muralist celebrated for his regional scenes of daily life in the southern, midwestern, and western United States, Thomas Hart Benton was committed to portraying images of progress and satisfaction in the American heartland. Born to a family of statesmen, Benton was a patriot who saw his art as a means to generate social and political reform. His nostalgic and uplifting scenes of hard work, self-reliance, and individualism garnered broad popular appeal in post–World War I America. This work, painted when the artist was at the midpoint of his life, provides a lyrical view of a young couple on a relaxed evening stroll. Drawing on his knowledge of both Old Master techniques and modernist ideas, which he had gleaned from several years spent studying in Paris, Benton crafted a lively composition whose rhythmic alignment of forms conveys a sense of poignant familiarity", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Mari and James A. Michener, 1991", "Copyright_Type" : "Case by case basis.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "painting", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/1991.187.mp3", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/1991.187.mp3", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/1991.187.mp3", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/1991.187.mp3", "IsPrimary" : "0", "_SurrogateID" : "6887", "Image_Type" : "audio", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "This is an excerpt from a tape James Michener made commenting on the source of paintings in his collection, probably recorded around 1968.", "View" : "" } , { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/1991.187.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/1991.187.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/1991.187.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/1991.187.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "1511", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 22259, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/22259", "Disp_Access_No" : "2017.218", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "circa 1938 - 1942", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1938", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1942", "Disp_Title" : "Sidewalk of New York", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Sidewalk of New York", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "20.3 x 25.4 cm (8 x 10 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "20.3 cm", "Disp_Width" : "25.4 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "", "Medium" : "Gelatin silver print, unique", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Gelatin silver print, unique", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Charles White is best known for his drawings and prints of African American subjects past and present; however, photography played a crucial role in his artistic process. Throughout his career, White relied on photographs as source material. When he moved from Chicago to New York in 1942, he continued his practice of photographing scenes of everyday life—newsstands, salespeople, pedestrians, musicians, shoppers, and street vendors like the one seen here in "Sidewalk of New York." White himself identified closely with the working class, through both his Marxist political education and his own personal experience—his mother was a domestic worker, and early in life he worked as a cook, bellhop, and sign painter. Despite the harsh realities experienced during the Great Depression in New York, White’s photographs document the resilience of African Americans and offer an inclusive view of society.", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Purchase through the generosity of the Charina Endowment Fund, 2017", "Copyright_Type" : "edu; promo; merch; web", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "photograph", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2017.218.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2017.218.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2017.218.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2017.218.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "16749", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 5827, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/5827", "Disp_Access_No" : "1992.212", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1948", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1948", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1948", "Disp_Title" : "Bound Man", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Bound Man", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Harry Sternberg", "Sort_Artist" : "Sternberg, Harry", "Disp_Dimen" : "40.7 cm x 32.5 cm (16 in. x 12 13/16 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "40.7 cm", "Disp_Width" : "32.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "Sheet", "Medium" : "Aquatint and etching", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Aquatint and etching", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of the Still Water Foundation, 1992", "Copyright_Type" : "", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/1992.212-Sheet.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/1992.212-Sheet.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/1992.212-Sheet.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/1992.212-Sheet.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "19345", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20363, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20363", "Disp_Access_No" : "2014.101", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1949", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1949", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1949", "Disp_Title" : "We Have Been Believers", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "We Have Been Believers", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "40.5 cm x 38.1 cm (15 15/16 in. x 15 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "40.5 cm", "Disp_Width" : "38.1 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Lithograph with scratching", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Lithograph with scratching", "Info_Page_Comm" : "“We have been believers feeding greedy grinning gods, like a Moloch demanding our sons and our daughters, our strength and our wills and our spirits of pain. We have been believers, silent and stolid and stubborn and strong.” This stanza from Margaret Walker’s 1939 poem, “We Have Been Believers,” aptly describes the anxious yet optimistic expressions projected onto the two figures in White’s lithograph named after Walker’s poem. White’s adaptation of these tenacious sentiments reflects his desire to create socially conscious work that captured the mood of African Americans in the mid-20th century. The angular, chiseled faces of the black figures reflect the influence of African sculpture. They are also informed by the aesthetics of Mexican artists of the Taller de Gráfica Popular (People's Graphic Workshop) in Mexico City, where White and his first wife, artist Elizabeth Catlett, worked for much of 1947. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Susan G. and Edmund W. Gordon to the units of Black Studies and the Blanton Museum of Art at the University of Texas at Austin", "Copyright_Type" : "All except merchandise.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2014.101.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2014.101.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2014.101.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2014.101.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13474", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20364, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20364", "Disp_Access_No" : "2014.85", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1954", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1954", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1954", "Disp_Title" : "General Moses and Sojourner (Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "General Moses and Sojourner (Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth)", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "70.8 cm x 96.5 cm (27 7/8 in. x 38 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "70.8 cm", "Disp_Width" : "96.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Wolff carbon pencil and white chalk over traces of graphite pencil with scratching out, blending, and charcoal wash splatter", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Wolff carbon pencil and white chalk over traces of graphite pencil with scratching out, blending, and charcoal wash splatter", "Info_Page_Comm" : "In 1935, Charles White asked his teacher at Chicago’s Englewood High School why their history textbook mentioned African Americans only once. As he later recalled, the teacher told him to “sit down and shut up.” This experience would serve as an impulse behind White’s creative pursuits. Throughout his career, White used his artistic skills to highlight some of the major figures of African American history. One such example is General Moses and Sojourner, a portrait of Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth (depicted in profile) that he originally created for the Harriet Tubman Clinic for Children, a private medical clinic in Harlem that Drs. Susan G. and Edmund W. Gordon established to serve disadvantaged children. In this drawing, the artist emphasized the intellectual nature of Truth’s activism through her upward gaze. Truth was a leader of the abolitionist movement who is perhaps best remembered for her stirring “Ain’t I a Woman” speech delivered in 1851. White pictures Tubman grasping a staff-like object similar to the one Moses used to part the Red Sea to lead the Israelites to freedom. Frequently referred to as “Moses,” Tubman led hundreds of enslaved black people to freedom in the North, becoming the most famous “conductor” on the Underground Railroad. Although surviving portraits of Tubman and Truth capture the two as mature women, White depicts them in their youth, emphasizing their vitality. While Tubman and Truth only met once, White pairs them to celebrate black women and suggest the possibilities of a feminist future. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Susan G. and Edmund W. Gordon to the units of Black Studies and the Blanton Museum of Art at the University of Texas at Austin", "Copyright_Type" : "All except merchandise.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2014.85.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2014.85.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2014.85.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2014.85.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13427", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20365, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20365", "Disp_Access_No" : "2014.93", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1956", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1956", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1956", "Disp_Title" : "I've Been 'Buked and I've Been Scorned", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "I've Been 'Buked and I've Been Scorned", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "113.4 x 89.8 cm (44 5/8 x 35 3/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "113.4 cm", "Disp_Width" : "89.8 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Compressed and vine charcoal with carbon pencil and charcoal wash splatter over traces of graphite pencil", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Compressed and vine charcoal with carbon pencil and charcoal wash splatter over traces of graphite pencil", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Dedicated to the human form, White depicted single figures with extraordinary nuance. Here, the artist makes painstaking use of fine lines to capture an extraordinary range textures in the hair, fabric, and wood in the composition. Women play a central role in White’s paintings and drawings of the 1950s. Raised by a single mother and nurtured by his grandmother and aunts in the South, White reflected his upbringing in his depictions of strong women. He was also inspired by the radical black feminist politics that surrounded him. "I’ve Been ‘Buked and I’ve Been Scorned" takes its title from a 19th-century African American spiritual of the same name. The song lyricizes the pain and suffering endured by enslaved people. Presenting an intimidating maternal figure standing in her doorway, White underscores the strength not only of this particular woman but also of strong black grandmothers over generations. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Susan G. and Edmund W. Gordon to the units of Black Studies and the Blanton Museum of Art at The University of Texas at Austin, 2014", "Copyright_Type" : "All except merchandise.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2014.93.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2014.93.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2014.93.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2014.93.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13452", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20368, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20368", "Disp_Access_No" : "2014.102", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1963-1964", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1963", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1964", "Disp_Title" : "Young Woman", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Young Woman", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "38.4 cm x 48.5 cm (15 1/8 in. x 19 1/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "38.4 cm", "Disp_Width" : "48.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Lithograph with crayon and tusche wash and scratching", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Lithograph with crayon and tusche wash and scratching", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Susan G. and Edmund W. Gordon to the units of Black Studies and the Blanton Museum of Art at the University of Texas at Austin", "Copyright_Type" : "All except merchandise.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2014.102.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2014.102.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2014.102.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2014.102.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13477", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20370, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20370", "Disp_Access_No" : "2014.86", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1964", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1964", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1964", "Disp_Title" : "Harvest", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Harvest", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "56.5 cm x 76.5 cm (22 1/4 in. x 30 1/8 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "56.5 cm", "Disp_Width" : "76.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Lithograph", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Susan G. and Edmund W. Gordon to the units of Black Studies and the Blanton Museum of Art at the University of Texas at Austin", "Copyright_Type" : "All except merchandise.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2014.86.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2014.86.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2014.86.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2014.86.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13430", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20372, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20372", "Disp_Access_No" : "2014.87", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1967", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1967", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1967", "Disp_Title" : "Head", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Head", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "28 cm x 19 cm (11 in. x 7 1/2 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "28 cm", "Disp_Width" : "19 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Lithograph", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Susan G. and Edmund W. Gordon to the units of Black Studies and the Blanton Museum of Art at the University of Texas at Austin", "Copyright_Type" : "All except merchandise.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2014.87.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2014.87.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2014.87.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2014.87.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13433", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20379, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20379", "Disp_Access_No" : "2014.96", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1975", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1975", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1975", "Disp_Title" : "Prophet II", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Prophet II", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "62.3 cm x 90.1 cm (24 1/2 in. x 35 1/2 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "62.3 cm", "Disp_Width" : "90.1 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Color lithograph and screenprint in four colors", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Color lithograph and screenprint in four colors", "Info_Page_Comm" : "During the mid- to late 1970s, Charles White began to move away from his characteristic black-and-white palette and explore color. The sepia-toned figure in "Prophet II" is thought to be a composite of White’s aunts, Harriet and Hasty Baines, who both lived in the South. The red handprint that appears in the top register of the green band boldly signifies the violence experienced by countless African Americans. Hovering uncannily beneath the handprint is the letter “X.” From the 17th to early 20th century, African American sharecroppers and tenant farmers who could neither read nor write used this single letter as a signature on contracts. The “X” may also refer to the Nation of Islam’s use of the letter as a symbolic replacement for the surname that slaveholders gave enslaved Africans in an act of claiming ownership. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Susan G. and Edmund W. Gordon to the units of Black Studies and the Blanton Museum of Art at the University of Texas at Austin", "Copyright_Type" : "All except merchandise.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2014.96.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2014.96.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2014.96.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2014.96.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13462", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20380, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20380", "Disp_Access_No" : "2014.92", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1976", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1976", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1976", "Disp_Title" : "I Have a Dream", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "I Have a Dream", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "56.5 cm x 76.2 cm (22 1/4 in. x 30 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "56.5 cm", "Disp_Width" : "76.2 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Crayon lithograph", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Crayon lithograph", "Info_Page_Comm" : "When asked about his repeated use of the familial motif in 1979 White stated, “If I do a mother and child, I’m thinking of all mothers and all children. I’m thinking of the meaning of love between a woman and her child.” White alludes to the Madonna and Child, a familiar motif in his work, not only by his choice of subject but also through the triangular format of their embrace, which is a classical arrangement that produces clarity and harmony. The work takes its title from Martin Luther King, Jr.’s iconic “I Have a Dream” speech delivered at the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, in which he called for civil and economic rights and an end to racism in the United States. The Los Angeles County Museum of Art commissioned "I Have a Dream" to celebrate the 1976 exhibition "Two Centuries of Black American Art." This lithograph was so popular that it sold out both as a print and as a poster. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Susan G. and Edmund W. Gordon to the units of Black Studies and the Blanton Museum of Art at the University of Texas at Austin", "Copyright_Type" : "All except merchandise.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2014.92.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2014.92.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2014.92.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2014.92.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13450", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20382, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20382", "Disp_Access_No" : "2014.94", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1977", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1977", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1977", "Disp_Title" : "Love Letter III", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Love Letter III", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "76.2 cm x 56.5 cm (30 in. x 22 1/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "76.2 cm", "Disp_Width" : "56.5 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Color crayon and spray paint lithograph printed in four colors and screenprint with gradated inking", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Color crayon and spray paint lithograph printed in four colors and screenprint with gradated inking", "Info_Page_Comm" : "Charles White often used the conch motif to represent femininity, life giving, and creativity, which, paired with the female figure, makes the image a kind of double celebration of womanhood. To conjure the figure and shell in this print, White turned to lithography, a printmaking technique that involves drawing with greasy crayons on a slab of limestone. In the last decade of his career, White expanded his printmaking practice by experimenting with bold colors. Adopting strategies similar to those used in commercial printing, White frequently recycled important elements from earlier works. The female figure in "Love Letter III" first appeared in "I Have a Dream" (1976), made one year earlier, and the conch shell motif was used a year later in "Sound of Silence II" (1978). ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Susan G. and Edmund W. Gordon to the units of Black Studies and the Blanton Museum of Art at the University of Texas at Austin", "Copyright_Type" : "All except merchandise.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2014.94.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2014.94.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2014.94.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2014.94.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13455", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20366, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20366", "Disp_Access_No" : "2014.83", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1961", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1961", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1961", "Disp_Title" : "Awaken from the Unknowing", "Alt_Title" : "Hope", "Obj_Title" : "Awaken from the Unknowing", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "78.7 x 142.2 cm (31 x 56 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "78.7 cm", "Disp_Width" : "142.2 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Compressed charcoal and brown and gray vine charcoal with scratching out, blending, and erasing", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Compressed charcoal and brown and gray vine charcoal with scratching out, blending, and erasing", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This intimate image of a young woman symbolizes the hope of many African Americans after the "Brown v. Board of Education" ruling in 1954. In this landmark case, the Supreme Court unanimously agreed that racial segregation in public schools violated the 14th Amendment’s mandate of equal protection of the laws of the U.S Constitution—thereby entitling students to a quality public school education regardless of their race. The work’s large scale attests to White’s mastery of drawing. By rubbing and erasing, the artist created gradient tones in the figure’s face and arms. White fashioned the undulating creases of the garment by blending, while he scratched the paper to produce the naturalistic texture of her hair. The work is also a testament to White’s reverence for learning. He attended a predominately white high school, where his teachers actively excluded black contributions to American society from their curriculum. As a child, White educated himself on the experiences of black Americans through frequent visits to the Chicago Public Library. The work was immensely popular in its time. In 1963, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) put the image on the cover of a brochure announcing its Freedom School. ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Susan G. and Edmund W. Gordon to the units of Black Studies and the Blanton Museum of Art at The University of Texas at Austin", "Copyright_Type" : "All except merchandise.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2014.83.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2014.83.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2014.83.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2014.83.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13367", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20373, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20373", "Disp_Access_No" : "2014.99", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1969", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1969", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1969", "Disp_Title" : "Wanted Poster Series #6", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Wanted Poster Series #6", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "149.9 x 68.6 x 5.1 cm (59 x 27 x 2 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "149.9 cm", "Disp_Width" : "68.6 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "panel", "Medium" : "Oil wash brushed and stenciled with masking out over traces of graphite pencil", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil wash brushed and stenciled with masking out over traces of graphite pencil", "Info_Page_Comm" : "This drawing is part of the "Wanted Poster" series, a group of more than twenty works inspired by pre-Civil War posters advertising slave auctions and rewards for runaway slaves. Quoting Article IV, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution, the stenciled text is taken from what is commonly referred to as the Fugitive Slave Clause, which authorized the capture and return of runaway slaves. The sum “30,000” and the word “VALUABLE” frame the figures and mimic pre-Civil War posters. The separation of the child and woman points to the ways that slavery severed both familial and cultural ties. By using the confederate and American flags as his background, White highlighted the continued legacy of institutionalized slavery in the United States. As White explained: “During the past decade the black people of this country have waged a heroic militant struggle for their fundamental rights. As a result they have on numerous occasions been jailed or in some instances become fugitives. I see many parallels between the period of slavery and now.”", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Susan G. and Edmund W. Gordon to the units of Black Studies and the Blanton Museum of Art at The University of Texas at Austin", "Copyright_Type" : "All except merchandise.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2014.99.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2014.99.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2014.99.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2014.99.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13470", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20376, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20376", "Disp_Access_No" : "2014.100", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1970", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1970", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1970", "Disp_Title" : "Wanted Poster Series #10", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Wanted Poster Series #10", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "101.6 x 152.4 x 5.1 cm (40 x 60 x 2 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "101.6 cm", "Disp_Width" : "152.4 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "panel", "Medium" : "Oil wash brushed and stenciled with masking out over traces of graphite pencil", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Oil wash brushed and stenciled with masking out over traces of graphite pencil", "Info_Page_Comm" : ""Wanted Poster #10" features a small black child crouched in a position similar to that of enslaved Africans in the holds of slave ships and hovering above a swaddled newborn. The figures are set against a crinkled textured background of stars and stripes with stenciled text that reads, “KNOW YE STATES HAS PURCHASED NEGROES FOR THE SUM DOLLARS. TERMS OF SALE INSURED.” The use of children reflects White’s indignation over the cycle of oppression and degradation African Americans have historically endured in the United States, particularly the commodification of black children during the era of slavery. White’s inspiration for this work was sparked in part by his residency in the South as he prepared for a mural project to be installed at Hampton University in Virginia. About his trip, White said, “I was in the real home of my people, where the vast majority of them lived and worked from the days when they were brutally brought in slave ships.” ", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Susan G. and Edmund W. Gordon to the units of Black Studies and the Blanton Museum of Art at The University of Texas at Austin", "Copyright_Type" : "All except merchandise.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "drawing", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2014.100.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2014.100.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2014.100.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2014.100.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13472", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20383, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20383", "Disp_Access_No" : "2014.89", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1979 (printed 1984)", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1979", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1979", "Disp_Title" : "Head of a woman, three quarter profile", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Head of a woman, three quarter profile", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "56.5 cm x 55.2 cm (22 1/4 in. x 21 3/4 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "56.5 cm", "Disp_Width" : "55.2 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Etching in brown ink with plate tone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching in brown ink with plate tone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Susan G. and Edmund W. Gordon to the units of Black Studies and the Blanton Museum of Art at the University of Texas at Austin", "Copyright_Type" : "All except merchandise.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2014.89.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2014.89.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2014.89.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2014.89.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13441", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] },{ "embark_ID" : 20385, "URL" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Objects-1/info/20385", "Disp_Access_No" : "2014.95", "_AccNumSort1" : "", "Disp_Create_DT" : "1979 (printed 1984)", "_Disp_Start_Dat" : "1979", "_Disp_End_Date" : "1979", "Disp_Title" : "Untitled (Profile of Woman, Facing Right)", "Alt_Title" : "", "Obj_Title" : "Profile of Woman, facing right", "Series_Title" : "", "Disp_Maker_1" : "Charles White", "Sort_Artist" : "White, Charles", "Disp_Dimen" : "30.5 cm x 33 cm (12 in. x 13 in.)", "Disp_Height" : "30.5 cm", "Disp_Width" : "33 cm", "Dimen_Extent" : "sheet", "Medium" : "Etching in brown ink with plate tone", "Support" : "", "Disp_Medium" : "Etching in brown ink with plate tone", "Info_Page_Comm" : "", "Dedication" : "Blanton Museum of Art, The University of Texas at Austin, Gift of Susan G. and Edmund W. 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Gordon to the units of Black Studies and the Blanton Museum of Art at the University of Texas at Austin", "Copyright_Type" : "All except merchandise.", "Disp_Obj_Type" : "print", "Creation_Place2" : "American", "Department" : "Prints and Drawings; American and Contemporary Art", "Obj_Name" : "", "Period" : "", "Style" : "", "Edition" : "", "Curator" : "", "Images": [ { "ImagePath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/images/2014.90.tif", "ThumbnailPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Thumbnails/2014.90.tif", "PreviewPath" : "https://webkiosk.gallerysystems.com/Media/Previews/2014.90.tif", "IIIF_URL": "http://iiif.gallerysystems.com/2014.90.tif", "IsPrimary" : "1", "_SurrogateID" : "13445", "Image_Type" : "Digital image", "Photo_Credit" : "", "Remarks" : "", "View" : "" } , ] }, ] }